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WASHINGTON (AP) ” A device that heats tobacco without burning it reduces some of the harmful chemicals in traditional cigarettes, but government scientists say it’s unclear if that translates into lower rates of disease for smokers who switch.To get more news about HNB, you can visit official website.

U.S. regulators published a mixed review Monday of the closely watched cigarette alternative from Philip Morris International. The company hopes to market the electronic device as the first “reduced-risk” tobacco product ever sanctioned by the U.S. government.

Philip Morris’ penlike device, called iQOS (EYE-kose), is already sold in more than 30 countries, including Canada, Japan and the United Kingdom. But Philip Morris and its U.S. partner, Altria, need the permission of the Food and Drug Administration to sell it in the U.S.

iQOS heats strips of Marlboro-branded tobacco but stops short of burning them, producing a tobacco vapor that includes nicotine. This is different from e-cigarettes, which don’t use tobacco at all but instead vaporize liquid usually containing nicotine. Nicotine is what makes cigarettes addictive.

Philip Morris believes its product is closer to the taste and experience of traditional cigarettes, making it more attractive to smokers and reducing their contact with tar and other toxic byproducts of burning cigarettes.Company scientists will present their studies and marketing plan to a panel of FDA advisers this week. The panel’s recommendation, expected Thursday, is non-binding: the FDA will make the ultimate decision on the device later this year.

A greenlight from FDA would mark a major milestone in efforts by both the industry and government to provide less harmful tobacco products to smokers who can’t or won’t quit cigarettes. Despite decades of tax hikes, smoking bans and campaigns, about 15 percent of U.S. adults smoke.The FDA review paints a mixed picture of the potential benefits of the iQOS “heat-not-burn” approach.

Levels of certain harmful chemicals were between 55 and 99 percent lower in the vapor produced by iQOS than in cigarette smoke. But animal and laboratory studies submitted by the company also suggested the chemicals could still be toxic and contribute to precancerous growths. A company study in mice could help clarify the cancer risk, but the FDA said the results would not be available until later this year.Under a 2009 law, the FDA gained authority to regulate a number of aspects of the tobacco industry. The same law allows the agency to scientifically review and permit sales of new products shown to be less dangerous than what’s currently available. But the FDA has not yet allowed any company to advertise a “reduced-risk” tobacco product.

To meet FDA requirements, a company must show that the product will improve the health of individual users and the overall population. Additionally, the product should not appeal to non-smokers or interfere with smokers looking to quit.

The FDA review said some non-smokers, including young people, would likely experiment with iQOS. Reviewers also questioned if smokers would completely switch to iQOS from cigarettes. In company studies, less than 20 percent of U.S. users switched completely to iQOS over six weeks.

Two BAT patents revoked in heat-not-burn cigarette battle

The global dispute between Philip Morris and British American Tobacco over heat-not-burn cigarette technology is intensifying. Yesterday, the UK High Court announced the revocation of two patents belonging to BAT. Now all eyes are on the results of parallel proceedings happening across Europe and in the US.To get more news about Heat not burn, you can visit official website.

In a judgment handed down yesterday, the UK High Court revoked two patents belonging to tobacco product manufacturer British American Tobacco (case no: HP-2020-000012.) The revocation is part of a high-stakes global dispute between BAT and rival Philip Morris, concerning lucrative technology for heat-not-burn cigarettes.

Since the High Court found the patents invalid, it also dismissed BAT’s claim of infringement. However, the judge acknowledged that had he found the two patents valid, Philip Morris would have infringed them.The judgment describes heat-not-burn cigarette technology as “tobacco [being] primarily heated… to generate a nicotine-containing aerosol with potentially lower toxicant emissions compared to a combustible cigarette.” This in comparison to a conventional cigarette, in which the tobacco burns to create the nicotine-containing aerosol.

Heat-not-burn technology differs to vaping, which uses a battery-powered heating device to vaporise a liquid, flavoured or otherwise, in a reservoir. Philip Morris is concentrating solely on expanding its heat-not-burn cigarette business; the company invested over eight billion dollars into its ICOS system, which it has launched in several countries.

On the other hand, BAT is focused on continuing to offer consumers a mixture of smoking paraphernalia. This includes vapes, e-cigarettes and traditional tobacco products.The global dispute broke out in 2018, when Philip Morris launched a patent infringement action in Japan against BAT’s heated tobacco products. In spring 2020 BAT hit back, suing Philip Morris at the International Trade Commission (ITC) in the US.

BAT subsidiary Nicoventures Trading also filed a patent infringement suit against Philip Morris at the Regional Court in Munich, and in the UK. Nicoventures develops and distributes novel nicotine products for BAT, sold under brand name Glo. However, following this move in Germany, Philip Morris responded by filing a revocation action at the UK court.

Former High Court presiding judge Colin Birss expedited the proceeding to February 2021 for ‘commercial reasons’, and to ensure the UK hearing happened prior to the parallel German infringement proceedings.

In Munich, both EP 460 and EP 944 are also in dispute, although the Munich court has moved the oral hearing concerning EP 460 back to November 2021. Before this, however, the EPO will decide on an opposition against the patent in mid-June.

World of Warcraft Classic’ draws on gaming nostalgia

World of Warcraft” is losing players, and the players that have stuck with the video game are aging. So, just ahead of “World of Warcraft’s” 15th anniversary, Activision Blizzard is going retro.To get more news about Buy WoW Trade Goods, you can visit lootwowgold official website.

The company launched “World of Warcraft Classic” Monday, a nostalgic version of the multiplayer online roleplaying game, in which players can adventure as orcs and elves, among other characters.“World of Warcraft Classic” returns things to the way they were when the game first launched in 2004. It will be available for no additional charge to current subscribers to the game.

Classic WoW is no walk in the park. Players must manually search for others to team up with for massive raids that involve 40 people communicating and working together — moments that have led people to make real-life friends. Traveling from town to town will take time. The graphics are significantly pared back to resemble the original.

“We really approached this as almost like an archaeological dig. ‘What was it like back then?’” said John Hight, “World of Warcraft’s” executive producer and vice president. “We’re carefully scraping the dust off the dinosaur bones and bringing it back to life.”The company said interest in “World of Warcraft Classic” was so strong that it overwhelmed Blizzard’s servers. More than 2 million players created characters in anticipation of the launch, Blizzard said.

“World of Warcraft’s” total number of players has declined over time. Although there are over 140 million accounts on “World of Warcraft,” the game currently has just five million individual subscribers, data collector Statista estimates, down from the 12 million players the game had back in October 2010.

That represents an opportunity: Activision Blizzard is betting on nostalgia to bring back some older players and to lure new ones.

“We have this audience that played it originally, and they want to come back, and then we have this new audience that has never played it and they want to check it out,” said Hight. “What will be interesting to see is in the months to come, who stays with it.”Because WoW has lost millions of subscribers, the potential market for “World of Warcraft Classic” is huge, noted Will Partin, a doctoral candidate studying the gaming industry at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

“The big challenge is that many of the players who left WoW left because life took over and their priorities shifted,” said Partin. “And releasing WoW Classic can’t really address those lifestyle shifts.”

Blizzard president J. Allen Brack said on a conference call with analysts during last quarter’s earnings call that the company can’t predict how long players will be engaged with the classic edition after it launches.

Michael Pachter, an analyst at financial services firm Wedbush, modeled growth of 460,000 subscribers but that number could go up depending on whether Blizzard was able to draw back lapsed subscribers.

Warcraft at BlizzCon for 30th anniversary

When J. Allen Brack first arrived at Activision-Blizzard in 2006, it was housed in a dour office park that belied the transformative changes happening within. Fresh off releasing “World of Warcraft,” the seminal massively multiplayer online RPG now celebrating its 17th year, Blizzard was in the process of becoming a cultural powerhouse. But looking at its nondescript collection of buildings in Southern California “you would never have known that it was a video game campus,” Brack remembered.To get more news about buy WoW gear, you can visit lootwowgold official website.

Today, J. Allen Brack is Blizzard’s president, and the publisher of hits including “Warcraft,” “StarCraft,” “Overwatch” and “Diablo” is very different. “Now we have an entire campus with a 15-foot bronze orc greeting you when you come into the front door,” Brack said.In a video interview with The Washington Post, Brack, along with Senior Vice President Allen Adham, talked about where Blizzard stands as the company kicks off the latest iteration of BlizzCon, the annual fan event that like so many other gatherings in the covid era is being held digitally. Fresh off announcing a remaster of “Diablo II,” and with a multitude of other games currently in development, Blizzard hopes to turn the page on a two-year period racked by layoffs, fan protests and the covid-19 pandemic. It is doing so by doubling down on its core franchises, particularly Warcraft and Diablo.

Such franchises have been Blizzard’s lifeblood since the breakout success of “Warcraft: Orcs & Humans” in the early 1990s, not long after changing its name from “Silicon & Synapse” and beginning to develop its own games. Now celebrating its 30th anniversary, Blizzard continues to disproportionately rely on familiar names.

No game exemplifies this strategy better than “World of Warcraft: Classic,” which Brack lauded as a “huge moment” for the “World of Warcraft” community. A throwback to the original launch version of the game, “World of Warcraft: Classic” was expected to be little more than a novelty for longtime fans owing to its slower pace and lack of quality-of-life options. Instead, it was a hit that took even Brack by surprise.

World of Warcraft Classic, the “new” version of World of Warcraft that recreates the original experience when the popular massively multiplayer online RPG launched almost 15 years ago, is at once perfectly familiar — and yet, at its core, it feels like a different game than modern Warcraft.To get more news about buy wow tbc gold, you can visit lootwowgold official website.

WoW Classic releases on August 27. Stress tests, which start May 22, will allow more players to experience the beta server for themselves.I received a beta invite for Classic, and had also been an alpha and beta tester for the original game 15 years ago. That isn’t unique; plenty of people in Northshire Valley had had the same experience, suggesting to me that active players who were Day 1 WoW gamers or had participated in the original tests might have gotten priority invitations to this one.

I recreated my very first character — a human warrior, because in the last-push alpha test I joined in 2004, there was no Horde — and logged in. Immediately, I was surprised by how good the graphics actually looked, for being 15 year old textures-on-polygons. Warcraft’s bright colors and cartoony aesthetic continue to this day, so all the increased resolution and better-contoured characters in Lordaeron don’t really change the game’s visual aesthetic.Plenty of gameplay things have changed — more on that in a minute — but one thing almost immediately transformed the game for me. I was killing my fourth Kobold Vermin (sorry guys, I’m taking those candles) by auto-attacking it and waiting impatiently for my lone ability to light up, when it struck me: This was going to be slow. Really, really slow. And, after another minute, I realized that was okay.

It was the first time in a decade that I wasn’t gunning for the end game, pillaging the beta test to determine the fastest way to level and get to the “good stuff,” and tweaking my add-ons to skip as much content as I could to get there. I even read a quest or two, though I admit to using the option (still available, even in vanilla) to turn off the line-by-line scrolling of quest text.

I’ve been privately snarky about Classic. Blizzard Entertainment president J. Allen Brack at one point (before he was president) famously said that people who said they wanted Classic didn’t really want what they thought they wanted. I agreed.

The original WoW was painful. Mobs took forever to die; one additional enemy in a fight was a pain, two probably meant death. There was a ton of running. Most buffs lasted two minutes, many took reagents, abilities were trained and often out of reach if you lacked the necessary gold. Warlocks had to farm shards, hunters had to carry ammo — even my warrior did, since in vanilla WoW she can carry a bow and fire arrows herself.


World of Warcraft Classic is an authentic re-creation of the original, massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMPORPG) that first hit the scene in Nov. 2004. Players will be able to relive the early days of Azeroth — or experience it for the very first time.To get more news about buy wow gold safe, you can visit lootwowgold official website.

For World of Warcraft Classic, Blizzard rebuilt the original WoW in what is considered to be its most complete and polished state — as it was at the time of the “Drums of War” update (patch 1.12.0), originally released on Aug. 22, 2006.

“Building and launching World of Warcraft back in 2004 was immensely challenging,” says J. Allen Brack, president of Blizzard Entertainment. “A tornado literally tore the roof off one of the game’s data centers during the early days of testing — but Blizzard was fortunate to have hundreds, and then thousands, and then millions, of people around the world cheering our developers on.”“Like many of our players, everyone at Blizzard was fueled by the excitement of seeing the world of Azeroth from the ground level, through the eyes of the heroes inhabiting and fighting over it,” Brack continues. “Azeroth has always been a wondrous and deadly place, and it was especially so at the time of WoW’s launch, when everyone was discovering its vistas and exploring its dungeons for the first time — all while helping and supporting the company as everyone here worked through the many technical struggles of hosting a game of this size.”

“That early experience was incredibly important to Blizzard,” he adds. “It taught us many things about ourselves as a developer and publisher, and about the global community of players that we feel honored to be a part of. The World of Warcraft Classic experience is very different from the Azeroth we know today, but we love it for what it is and what it stands for. We can’t wait to get reacquainted with this dangerous, demanding, and rewarding world with all of our friends, new and old.”

World of Warcraft Classic will be available at no extra cost to WoW subscribers beginning on Aug. 27. In-game, 15th-anniversary events are planned, and a World of Warcraft 15th Anniversary Collector’s Edition will be released on Oct. 8. The collectible-packed edition will be available at select retailers worldwide.

China’s efforts to take the heat out of its property market in 2021 could result in the first decline in steel demand from the sector in six years, according to S&P Global Platts Analytics.Register Now China has tightened its monetary stimulus measures and clamped down on property sector financing since mid-2020. Beijing insists that houses should not be used for speculative purposes. A major plank of its 14th five-year plan is to put more money into the hands of consumers in order to boost domestic consumption, and one way of achieving this is to deleverage the property sector. More cash means more spending, the thinking goes.To get more news about China property market news, you can visit shine news official website.
Platts Analytics presents two scenarios for property steel demand, both of which indicate there will be no growth from the sector this year. (See table below.)

An upper range scenario would see the addition of just 6.07 million mt of steel compared with 2020, marking a 1.9% increase to 328.2 million mt. Platts Analytics’ lower range estimate sees a decrease of 8.68 million mt to 313.4 million mt, marking a 2.7% fall.

The last time steel demand from the property sector declined was in 2015. Property accounts for 30%-35% of China’s total steel consumption.

Based on S&P Global Ratings’ forecast that China’s GDP will grow 7% this year, property new starts and sales in 2021 will be down by 6.4% and 2.8% year on year, respectively.

If China chases GDP growth of 8% or above, property new starts and sales will be up 0.4% and 4.6% on year, according to Platts Analytics.But a best case scenario for steel consumption, of an extra 6.1 million mt in 2021, is negligible compared with the year-on-year increase of almost 23 million mt in 2020. Platts estimates property steel demand in 2020 was 322.1 million mt, up 7.6% from 2019.

The property sector played a vital role in driving up China’s crude steel production in 2020, while keeping steel profit margins robust.

China’s crude steel output rose 5.2% on year, or by 52 million mt, to 1,053 million mt in 2020, breaching 1 billion mt for the first time. This was despite the fact that China was in lockdown for much of the first quarter, with construction wors suspended.China’s steel production capacity will continue to grow in 2021 to 1,285 million mt/year, up from 1,257 million mt/year at the end of 2020. The country’s steel output is forecast to rise by 2.8% on year, or by 29 million mt, to 1,082 million mt in 2021.

China Looks to Tame Its Booming Property Market

Last week it was Shanghai, now it’s most major Chinese cities. China’s government housing authorities have told local officials to immediately crack down on real estate speculation.To get more news about China property market 2021, you can visit shine news official website.

The moves come after a surge in residential housing prices over the last several months, just as China began to control the coronavirus and loan prices were low. In fact, sales plummeted in early 2020, and after China recovered, they surged so high so fast that both property transactions and prices hit their highest levels China has ever recorded, according to the country’s National Bureau of Statistics.

For instance, the prices of homes in the second-tier city of Xiamen, in southern China, is comparable to those in London. Yet the average salary in Xiamen is a fraction of that in London.

China has long been worried about its housing bubble, and has taken previous measure to cool the market. But the last announcement—which limits the amount prospective buyers and builders can borrow—are among the most stringent ever.The issue is largely a big-city problem. Many lower-tier cities and rural areas are full of empty housing units—earning them the nickname “ghost cities”—mostly due to migration to big cities where the economies and job prospects are far better.

Beyond easy loans and property seen in China as a smart investment, other factors are driving the trend, said one scholar who studies China’s housing market.

“The recent surge in the residential real estate market in major cities is mostly associated with properties located in the catchment area of high quality public schools, at least in cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen,” said Hanming Fang, the Joseph M. Cohen Term Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania. Prices for properties in areas that don’t have assigned schools are stable, he said.

“The price surge is a surge in the price for scarce educational resources,” he said. To fix the problem and curb property market speculations, the educational resource allocation mechanisms should be reformed, he said, either by making school resources favor lower-quality schools or by tying school resources to local property taxes. Public resource allocations on hospitals, colleges, parks, and other public goods should also be more equitable, he said.Speculation, too, has frustrated Chinese officials. In a recent visit to Shanghai, China’s deputy housing minister, Ni Hong, told city officials that “homes are for living in, not for speculation,” a statement that was carried widely by state media.

Meanwhile, property-related stocks in China had a bad week. The share prices for the country’s three biggest property developers have been hit especially hard since the recent restrictions were announced. Hong Kong-listed China Evergrande Group (ticker: 3333.Hong Kong) has fallen 12% in the last four days. Country Garden Holdings (2007: HK) has seen an 8% decline in the same period, as has Shanghai-listed Greenland Holdings (600606: China). Most other big developers have experienced similar declines.

Despite 2.3% increase in GDP in 2020, China’s domestic consumption actually was lowered by 3.9%, partly because of rising investment demand stimulated by rising price in housing and other assets,” Li Gan, professor of economics at Texas A&M University, told Barron’s. “Policies to stabilize the housing market may also help boost domestic consumption.”Local authorities have resisted previous efforts to tame housing sales, which account for a significant source of local-level revenue.

China and Russia said they will build a lunar research station, possibly on the moon’s surface, marking the start of a new era in space co-operation between the two countries.To get more China latest news, you can visit shine news official website.

A statement posted on the website of the China National Space Administration Wednesday said the International Lunar Research Station would also be open to use by other countries, but gave no timeline for its construction.

It described the project as a “comprehensive scientific experiment base with the capability of long-term autonomous operation.”The station would be “built on the lunar surface and/or on the lunar orbit that will carry out … scientific research activities such as the lunar exploration and utilization, lunar-based observation, basic scientific experiment and technical verification,” the statement said.

It said a memorandum of understanding on the project was signed Tuesday by Zhang Kejian, administrator of the China National Space Administration, and Russian space agency Roscosmos chief Dmitry Rogozin.China drew heavily on Russian expertise in the early years of its space program, but has largely forged its own path since launching its first crewed mission in 2003. Despite that, China’s Shenzhou spaceships closely resemble Russia’s Soyuz capsules and the CNSA has worked with countries around the world, apart from the U.S.

Congress bans almost all contacts between NASA and China over concerns about technology theft and the secretive, military-backed nature of China’s space program.Russia and China will “adhere to the principle of ‘co-consultation, joint construction, and shared benefits,’ facilitate extensive co-operation in the ILRS, open to all interested countries and international partners, strengthen scientific research exchanges, and promote humanity’s exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purpose,” the Chinese statement said.

Russia is a participant in the International Space Station but its space program has been somewhat eclipsed by those of China, the U.S., India and others. In its most recent development, Russia successfully test-launched its heavy lift Angara A5 space rocket for the second time in December after lengthy delays and technical problems.China has planned four crewed missions this year to work on its first permanent orbiting space station, the core module of which could be launched as soon as next month.

China has already launched two smaller experimental space stations, placed a rover on the little-explored far side of the moon in 2019 and has a spacecraft, the Tianwen-1, in a parking orbit around Mars in anticipation of landing a rover on the surface in the coming months. If it succeeds, China would become only the second country after the U.S. to put a spacecraft on Mars.

China and Russia announce plans to build joint base on moon

According to a statement published on the China National Space Administration (CNSA) website, the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) would also be open to use by other countries.To get more China breaking news, you can visit shine news official website.

No timeline was given for the construction of the ILRS, which was described as a "comprehensive scientific experiment base with the capability of long-term autonomous operation".

The research station could be built either on the lunar surface or in lunar orbit to conduct "scientific research activities such as the lunar exploration and utilisation, lunar-based observation, basic scientific experiment and technical verification," the statement said.

NASA had intended to establish a lunar gateway outpost orbiting the moon by the mid-2020s as part of its Artemis Programme which would see the first woman and next man land on the moon by 2024, although a recent audit report suggested this timeline may be pushed back.

A memorandum of understanding on the project has been signed by Zhang Kejian, CNSA's administrator, and Dmitry Rogozin, the chief of Russian space agency Roscosmos.The CNSA's space programme was initially driven by Russian expertise in its early years, with its Shenzhou spacecraft closely resembling the Soyuz capsules used by Roscosmos.Despite the general approach towards co-operation between states in space, US Congress has prohibited almost all contacts between CNSA and NASA due to concerns about the theft of technology and the secrecy and military links of CNSA.

Russia participates in the International Space Station, but the successes of Roscosmos have been muted since the fall of the Soviet Union.The country recently successfully test-launched its heavy lift Angara A5 space rocket for the second time in December after lengthy delays and technical problems.

China has planned four crewed missions this year which will work on the country's first permanent orbiting space station. The core module could be launched as soon as next month.

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